There is a system that is designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage and present geographic or spatial data, and this is called GIS or geographic information system. With the aid of GIS applications as tools, users are guided on how to create queries that are interactive, to analyze spatial information, edit the data in maps, and present the results of these processes.
Through GIS technology, the many green projects happening now around the world are benefitting because of the versatility and many things to offer in the renewable energy field because of this technology.
Wind maps is among the several great ways that GIS is helping these green projects. Through a wind map, the wind’s average speed of a place is shown and this will enable us to find the best area where to install a wind turbine farm. Also, researchers are helped in determining how tall the wind generator should be to get the best results, since the wind speeds can be shown at what it is like at various elevations. By revealing the areas with the most wind energy potential, costs are minimized.
Related dangers like tornadoes and hurricanes can also be revealed as to their frequency with the aid of the wind maps, and this is another benefit we can get from this instrument. Through this, the design and construction of wind farms can be developed by engineers into more durable structure and can handle the mentioned dangers. Information about the land, whether it is prone to flooding, or if it is too far away from transmission lines to merit feasibility of the project, can all be decided based on the information that the GIS will reveal.
With these two technologies of wind map and solar map, researchers can now calculate if the wind turbines or solar panels are beneficial.
GIS has many features that can be offered for use in solar panels that are beneficial. Know that many points have to be considered when the solar panels are installed, such as the solar intensity, daily light amounts that the panels receive, average temperature of the place and the cloud coverage. With GIS, these parameters can be placed on a map, shown to investors to help determine the most productive position of the solar panels, and this can affect on how effective the solar panels are, whether there is an increase or reduction.
With solar maps, the quantity of solar energy an area receives every year can be known. And so, there is a wealth of information that digital maps can provide and give benefits to our green projects, and can be concluded that GIS is a powerful support tool that can help contribute to our greener earth.